The egg, in general, is the cheapest protein available on the food market. It is a low fat food that can be used in various food creations and that is why we always need to have eggs at home.
Furthermore, the egg is a relative easy-to-store and easy-to-handle product. It can be stored in natural temperature for 28 days minimum with a temperature between 8 and 18°C. It is not necessary – and even not recommended – to be stored in a refrigerator. When stored in a refrigerator, condensation can be provoked within the air chamber of the egg. This so called bacterial-contamination is triggered by other foods and beverages stored in the fridge.
Eggs, however, are very different depending on the breeding model of the hen. Hens may be kept in cage, in barn, but also in a free-range manner. The production model, according to EU law, must be printed on the egg. These codes indicate the following:
The free-range production model can be traditional (eggs marked with the code `1`) or organic (eggs marked with the code `0`).
They both need to comply with the following regulations:
The hens must have full access to a field with grass anytime they want and when climate conditions are good enough.
This breeding model will give them possibility to take benefits of natural lighting, being in contact with natural environment and having space to express themselves. Chickens are genetically programed to scratch the soil, peck for feed to get minerals and get dust bathes to clean up their plumage. The right conditions met, a hen will naturally behave like that.
The field must have grass because vegetables are medicines for the hen and they know precisely what they need. The grass gives also natural taste and an intense yellow colour to your eggs. An egg-yolk that has an intense yellow colour has a high quantity of xanthophylls – a sign of good quality. Our hens’ food do not contain any additives (such as zeaxanthin or cryptoxanthin) to enhance the colour of the eggs! Because hens have less access to fresh grass during winter, the eggs are naturally more pale during this period.
During the summer it is the heat that is the main challenge. To make sure your hens get access to all the field at their disposal the producers usually plant fruit trees on it. These will provide further food to the hens (parasites, fruits) and shadow during hot seasons. Furthermore, as chickens are fearful animals, trees also provide them with a feeling of security.
Then what is the difference between the traditional and the organic breeding model?
In the coop there are a maximum of 9 chickens per m² in the case of the traditional breeding model and 6 in the case of the organic one. But when out on the field, in both cases, a chicken should have 4m² at her disposal.
So, the breeding model is almost the same, it is the feeding of the hens that makes all the difference. Organic hens are fed with 99,99% of organic food. The area where they live must also be organic because a lot of food elements are coming from there.
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